Lattice
The lattice is not an architectural space, but rather a closure element which employs architecture.
The Royal Academy of Language, defines the lattice as a "board or panel of wood or iron placed in windows of buildings or other similar gaps so that people who are inside can see without being seen".
The word latticework is rooted in the word Zelo from the Latin meaning "zeal" and this derives from the Greek word meaning
ζῆλος "boil".
According to a definition from industrial engineering a lattice is a repeated pattern
formed by diagonal or straight lines in a mesh with horizontal or vertical lines. We will start from a general concept and then we will focus on this element as an element of a work in progress, or more specifically, of a home.

The lattice, as seen in the definition, is part of a set, is a collective functionality, similarly to a bar, since a wood plank just does not make any function, but it is inserted and grouped with the rest. It will be its use and its setting the points that ultimately determine both manufacturing and materials used. Over time, the lattice and its use in decoration and construction has allowed the manufacturing in different materials, ranging from classic wood -of different qualities and sizes-, to steel, aluminum, iron, plaster or concrete. As we said, this will varies with the use it is intended for.

Origin and uses of the latticework



Similarly, they can be used in low slope grounds to retain soil. These decorative elements are usually placed at locations required where a ecological environment is needed, minimizing the visual impact produced by the developments. Typical applications can be seen in public areas such as parks, gardens, shopping centres, parking areas, etc. Its manufacturing in panels, for example, and use of high quality materials make quality of these products fully guaranteed, as well as durability and functionality.

Traditional architecture has always developed constructive solutions and has provided comfort to dwellers against adverse weather conditions, with low environmental impact. Such is the case of lattices, which have had and has extensive use in ancient cultures of East and Mesopotamia, India and Egypt, places with unusual weather conditions.
Main function of lattice is ventilation and lighting and providing comfort.

The lattice primarily allow for light distribution and avoid excessive illuminance, contrast and glare. Its configuration prevents clogging caused by wind and slow it down.
• Lighting comfort provided by lattice, is based on two variables: the size of
the opening and the section it forms.
• The lower area of ​​ aperture of the latticework, the lower the Daylight Factor
(DF) and therefore lower illuminance levels with better distribution inside.
• A smaller opening area of ​​the lattice can prevent glare
• A circular section latticework provides higher levels of illuminance on a
horizontal plane in a square lattice, even when the ratio of maximum and
minimum daylight factor is nearly equal. In the vertical plane of one lattice,
the ratio is 1:7 for circular section 1:14 for square section, favouring the
glare and excessive contrast.
• The lattice favours air passing offering less resistance and thus higher wind
speed. A different configuration, adequate to every need, results in higher
wind speeds.

 

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